What is balanced water?

Water that has been properly balanced is water with the proper quantity of certain chemicals that are very important to your swimmers and your pool/equipment.

Why is water Balance Important?

Water Balance is highly important for three main reasons:

  1. It helps sanitizing chemicals (i.e. chlorine and bromine) to work effectively, keeping swimmers safe.
  2. It decreases the chance for water problems, including cloudiness and algae growth.
  3. It prolongs the life of your pool equipment, saving you money.

Protecting your Swimmers

Maintaining a proper pH level is crucial to keep your sanitizers functioning. A low pH means highly acidic water. Acidic water eats up sanitizing chemicals much faster and doesn’t give them the time they need to do their job. This means unsanitary and therefore unsafe water for swimmers. Low pH levels can also cause skin and eye irritation for swimmers.

Preventing Water Problems

As stated above, highly acidic water means your sanitizing chemicals aren’t doing their job. Un-sanitized pools can easily become filled with cloudy particles and/or algae. This problem is avoided by maintaining a proper pH level.


Stabilizing chemicals help to protect your sanitizers from solar degradation. Just like acidic water, the sun can cause deterioration of your sanitizing chemicals. Stablizing chemicals are to your pool as sunblock is to your skin. Stabilizers are important to ensure your sanitizers can do their job and keep your pool water sanitary, safe and free from water problems (i.e. Cloudiness, Algae).

Protecting your investment

Properly balanced calcium hardness in your pool will ensure you receive the longevity you deserve out of your pool and equipment. Your pool water needs calcium; insufficient calcium levels will cause the water to draw its calcium from vinyl liners, concrete walls, PVC plumbing and more, corroding and deteriorating your pool and equipment. Conversely, if a pool has excessive calcium it will cause scaling, covering your pool liner and equipment in a white film. This film can damage your equipment and even cause your heater to consume more energy and increase its running cost.Another risk to your investment is wrinkling of your liner which can be cause by improperly balanced alkalinity.

How to Balance Your Pool Water

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The first step to achieving proper water balance is testing. Throughout the pool season, bring a sample of your water to us for our professional analysis. This should be done at least once a month. Another way to test your water, though less accurate than professional analysis, is to test your water at home with a test kit or test strips, at least once a week.

Proper Water Balance Levels



Range (Salt)

Test Frequency




Free Chlorine



Total Alkalinity

125-150 ppm

80-125 ppm


Calcium Hardness

175-225 ppm

200-400 ppm


CYA (Stabilizer)

60-200 ppm


R&R + BioGuard

Certified BioGuard Water Technologist

R&R Pools is a licensed BioGuard Dealer. BioGuard dealers offer professional quality swimming pool products and supplies that are the best solution for your pool care. Combined with computerized water testing, BioGuard is the swimming pool care expert. From chlorine to saltwater pool care products and accessories, you’ll find the right product for your backyard oasis.

For information on how to properly take a water sample check out this blog post.

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